Beyond the lively capital, Vathy, tourism is spread in many beautiful seaside places around the coastline, mostly Kokkari, Pythagorion, Karlovassi and Heraion. Tsamadou, Agios Konstantinos, Potokaki and Lemonakia are amazing beaches with clear turquoise water.
Samos Island has many more lovely beaches, some of them totally secluded. In the forested mountains, traditional life continues. A visit to the Wine Museum in Malagari is a must.
Famous for its sweet local wine, Muscat.
Samos is also historically significant. It was the legendary birthplace of Samian Hera as well as the great mathematician Pythagoras and the hedonistic father of atomic theory, the 4th-century BC philosopher Epicurus. Samos scientific genius is also affirmed by the astonishing Evpalinos Tunnel (524 BC), a spectacular achievement of ancient engineering that stretches for 1034m deep underground.
Many civilizations have inhabited this small Aegean island, since the 3rd millennium B.C. The remains of Pythagoreion, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments and a spectacular tunnel-aqueduct, as well as the Heraion, temple of the Samian Hera, can still be visited.
The ancestors of the classical Samians arrived from the Epidauros region in the 11th century BC, following the turmoil of the Trojan War. By the 6th century BC, Samos had become a major nautical power in the eastern Mediterranean, with close trade links with Asia Minor and the Greek mainland. It was strong enough to establish trading colonies on the coast of Ionia, in Thrace, as well as in the western Mediterranean. Samian political influence waned after the island was conquered by the Persians at the end of 6th century BC, but it continued to be an important mercantile city throughout the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
The city was sacked by Germanic peoples in the 3rd century AD and never properly recovered thereafter. Samos alternated between Byzantine, Turkish, and Venetian rule for many centuries, until it became fully united with Greece in 1910.